Perspectives in neuroscience

Chair(s): Christiane Thiel (Oldenburg), Christian Grefkes (Köln)

Presenter(s): Maike Mustin (Köln), Mareike Daeglau (Oldenburg), Gesa Hartwigsen (Leipzig), Florian Kasten (Oldenburg)

Non-invasive neuromodulation has gained increasing attention because of its potential to promote recovery of function after damage to the central nervous system. Though electrical and magnetic stimulation or neurofeedback are promising approaches for clinical neuropsychology, they are faced with a number of challenges. These include large interindividual variability and small overall effects as well as insufficient knowledge on the neural mechanisms that co-occur with improvement of function. The current symposium brings together experts from different areas of neuromodulation and cognitive neuroscience. We will discuss recent approaches on how to best implement the different techniques in the context of neurorehabilitation. Maike Mustin (Köln) will present data on how neuromodulatory techniques like transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) can be used in stroke patients to unravel the role of different brain areas in the lesioned and contralesional hemisphere for motor performance and recovery. Mareike Daeglau (Oldenburg) will focus on research studying how context factors affect the neural signal used in motor imagery neurofeedback. Gesa Hartwigsen (Leipzig) will present an overview of how electric and magnetic neuromodulation impacts plasticity in the language network in health and disease. Finally, Florian Kasten (Oldenburg) will address how the integration of electrical field modelling and neuroimaging can help to explain interindividual variability in the effects of electrical brain stimulation. We envisage a controversial and fruitful discussion and hope to promote the application of non-invasive neuromodulation techniques in neurorehabilitation research.