Humans have evolved as an essentially social species. Positive social relationships promote physical and mental well-being, whereas loneliness and social isolation increase the risk of premature mortality comparable to established risk factors such as obesity, physical inactivity, and substance abuse. Surprisingly, however, the impact of social exclusion and loneliness on the structure and function of the brain is still not well understood. In the current symposium, we present recent studies examining the functional and structural brain correlates of social exclusion and loneliness and how they might be modulated by behavioral interventions. Shuyan Liu explores the association between modern urbanicity, social exclusion, and mental health. Jana Lieberz reveals the neural link between loneliness and biased trustworthiness decisions in a pre-stratified sample of healthy lonely and non-lonely individuals. Federica Riva presents the relationship between loneliness and interoception at both behavioral and brain level. Alexander Lischke shows that social network size affects the structural integrity of the amygdala. Zoé Bürger investigates the effects of social exclusion and cognitive stress on the neural functional connectivity in women and men.

Zeitfenster der Veranstaltung (1)

Clinical challenges and the ageing brain

Chair(s): Dirk Scheele (Oldenburg), Alexander Lischke (Greifswald)

Presenter(s): Shuyan Liu (Berlin), Jana Lieberz (Bonn), Federica Riva (Vienna, Austria), Alexander Lischke (Greifswald), Zoé Bürger (Tübingen)